The City and Nature

  • Eduard Tovmasyan Central Research and Design Institute of the Ministry of Construction; RAACS


Animate “nature–1” around us is transforming into supported or non-supported by man “nature-2” within the framework of the urban development of town areas. Interaction of town and nature is a bilateral process. Experts underline 4 groups of town planning risks related to the interaction of town and nature: ecological, natural and biosphere, sanitary-epidemiologic risks as well as planning and management risks. The latter is often connected with protest population activities. The magazine is looking forward to readers comments.


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How to Cite
TOVMASYAN, Eduard. The City and Nature. project baikal, Russian Federation, n. 49, p. 82-84, aug. 2016. ISSN 2309-3072. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 23 jan. 2020. doi:


urban environment; natural environment; ecological impact; anthropogenic impact; ecological/natural town frame; greenery system; town planning risks; especially protected natural areas; town master plan; standard-right provision